Pelvic Pain and Pressure
Uterine fibroid tumors tend to be hormonally sensitive, meaning that with the release of estrogen from a woman's body, the fibroid tumors increase in size. This is also the reason that symptoms of fibroids often occur cyclically much like the menstruation cycle. As the fibroids grow they can put additional pressure on the surrounding organs, which can be extremely painful. This growth of the fibroids can cause consistent lower abdominal pain, as well as swelling which is sometimes mistaken as weight gain or pregnancy. If you are experiencing pelvic pain and pressure or any other type of uterine fibroid symptoms, a full gynecological exam should be done immediately to determine the cause.
Pelvic pain and pressure can be caused not only by the size of a uterine fibroid tumor, but the location as well. Depending on the severity and location of a fibroid tumor, additional conditions can accompany the uterine fibroid tumor, such as adenomyosis and endometriosis.
Adenomyosis occurs when the tissue that lines the outer uterine wall (endometrium) grows within the middle layer of the uterine wall and supportive vascular tissue (myometrium). Typically the outer uterine lining prevents adhesions from occurring. However, when uterine fibroids develop and begin to grow, the possibility for adhesions also grows, something that can also cause a great deal of pain.
If you are experiencing any pelvic pain and pressure, or other signs and symptoms of fibroid tumors and would like more information regarding uterine fibroid treatment options and hysterectomy alternatives, please utilize the physician locator to find an OB/Gyn or an interventional radiologist (IR) in your area.
More information on other potential symptoms of uterine fibroids: